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The National Military Strategy (NMS) was established by precedent in the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433), which charges the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the President, and the Secretary of Defense with providing strategic direction for the armed forces. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff produces the NMS based on consultation with the Combatant Commanders (COCOMs) and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It serves as a strategic framework for how the armed forces will execute the overall policy goals laid out in the most recent National Security Strategy and National Defense Strategy.